The seismic wavefield, in its high-frequency asymptotic approximation, can be interpolated from a low- to a high-resolution spatial grid of receivers and, possibly, point sources by interpolating the eikonal (travel time) and the amplitude. These quantities can be considered as functions of position only. The travel time and the amplitude are assumed to vary in space only slowly, otherwise the validity conditions of the theory behind would be violated. Relatively coarse spatial sampling is then usually sufficient to obtain their reasonable interpolation. The interpolation is performed in 2-D models of different complexity. The interpolation geometry is either 1-D, 2-D, or 3-D according to the source-receiver distribution. Several interpolation methods are applied: the Fourier interpolation based on the sampling theorem, the linear interpolation, and the interpolation by means of the paraxial approximation. These techniques, based on completely different concepts, are tested by comparing their results with a reference ray-theory solution computed for gathers and grids with fine sampling. The paraxial method turns out to be the most efficient and accurate in evaluating travel times from all investigated techniques. However, it is not suitable for approximation of amplitudes, for which the linear interpolation has proved to be universal and accurate enough to provide results acceptable for many seismological applications.
Brokesova, J.: Construction of ray synthetic seismograms using interpolation of travel times and ray amplitudes. PAGEOPH, 148 (1996), 503-538.