Explicit equations for the spatial derivatives and perturbation derivatives of amplitude in both isotropic and anisotropic media are derived. The spatial and perturbation derivatives of the logarithm of amplitude can be calculated by numerical quadratures along the rays.
The spatial derivatives of amplitude may be useful in calculating the higher-order terms in the ray series, in calculating the higher-order amplitude coefficients of Gaussian beams, in estimating the accuracy of zero-order approximations of both the ray method and Gaussian beams, in estimating the accuracy of the paraxial approximation of individual Gaussian beams, or in estimating the accuracy of the asymptotic summation of paraxial Gaussian beams. The perturbation derivatives of amplitude may be useful in perturbation expansions from elastic to viscoelastic media and in estimating the accuracy of the common-ray approximations of the amplitude in the coupling ray theory.
Ray theory, amplitude, transport equation, paraxial approximation, perturbation methods, inhomogeneous media, seismic anisotropy.
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